Quantum well

Quantum wells are tiny structures that confine electrons to a narrow space. They have important applications in electronics, optics, and more.

Heat engines

Heat engines are devices that convert thermal energy into mechanical work. They play a crucial role in many industries, from power generation to transportation.

Faraday’s Law of Induction

Faraday’s Law of Induction states that a changing magnetic field induces an electromotive force (EMF) in a conductor. This principle underlies the operation of generators, motors, transformers and many other electrical devices.